Message to INFODIO readers: investigative journalism, which is what this site does, takes lots of time. Visiting media looking for a quick run down on Venezuela's gargantuan corruption, have the decency to at least cite the source when plagiarising this site's content without attribution (exhibit Reuters here and here, exhibit Bloomberg here, exhibit OCCRP here). To all readers, do the right thing, the honest thing: support independent investigative journalism, help us expose rampant corruption. Note added 28/06/2021: impostors are using this site's former editor's full name, and a fake email address ( to send copyright infringement claims / take down requests to web hosting companies (exhibit Hostgator). The attempt is yet another effort paid by corrupt thugs to erase information about their criminal activities. has no issues with other websites / journalists using / posting information published here, so long as the source is properly cited.

Rafael Ramirez's $20bn lie

Check out Rafael Ramirez upon being sacked from U.N. diplopost in New York, 7 December 2017, about PDVSA transfers to the State under his watch:

Rafael Ramirez 480bn claim, Dec. 2017

Now, read Ramirez's claim on same topic, 14 July 2019:

Rafael Ramirez 500bn claim, July 2019.

That's a $20 billion discrepancy.

Ramirez loves to claim his innocence. He loves to say he is not, and has never been, involved in corruption, despite ongoing criminal probes in which he is directly involved in Portugal, Andorra, Switzerland, Brazil and the U.S.

If his proclamations of innocence are as trustworthy as his claims of total transfers to State coffers under his watch, erm...

Add to Breaking news