Message to INFODIO readers: investigative journalism, which is what this site does, takes lots of time. Time is money. Regular visitors from banks' compliance departments, academia, business intelligence, and law enforcement are encouraged to donate cost of three coffees -if they find useful information here- so we can continue our efforts. Visiting media looking for a quick run down on Venezuela's gargantuan corruption, have the decency to at least cite the source when plagiarising this site's content without attribution (exhibit Reuters here and here, exhibit Bloomberg here, exhibit OCCRP here). To all readers, do the right thing, the honest thing: support independent investigative journalism, help us expose rampant corruption. Note added 28/06/2021: impostors are using this site's editor full name, and fake email addresses (alek.boyd.arregui@gmail.com) to send copyright infringement claims / take down requests to web hosting companies (exhibit Hostgator). The attempt is yet another effort paid by utterly corrupt thugs to erase information about their criminal activities. Infodio.com has no issues with other websites / journalists using / posting information published here, so long as the source is properly cited.

rafael ramirez

Will U.S. Justice ever get Rafael Ramirez? Ask Abbe Lowell / NSC Alek Boyd Fri, 10/01/2021 - 05:40
Sentence of Abraham Ortega exposes Rafael Ramirez Alek Boyd Thu, 05/06/2021 - 05:12

Some time ago we reported that Abraham Edgardo Ortega had pleaded guilty of accepting bribes in connection to a multi billion dollar money laundering scheme. It was reported yesterday that Ortega got sentenced to two years imprisonment. Ortega's sentence reveals, for the first time, Rafael Ramirez's direct involvement in various money laundering scandals centered at PDVSA.

Italy must prosecute Rafael Ramirez and his black money Alek Boyd Wed, 10/07/2020 - 09:46

In certain quarters, Italy’s Guardia di Finanza is believed to be one of the world’s foremost law enforcement bodies when it comes to prosecute financial crimes. It might have to do with being Italy’s oldest police force. In any case, Italy has become an important destination for a post modern sort of Mafia: Chavismo, one of the most powerful transnational criminal groups ever to emerge. PDVSA, the State owned energy giant from Venezuela, was managed by Rafael Ramirez for approximately 12 years (2002 – 2014).

When Diego Salazar wanted to launder money in Paris, FTPA and Jean-François de Clermont-Tonnerre came to help Alek Boyd Mon, 09/28/2020 - 13:37

Diego Salazar is this unpresentable thug whose only redeeming and unearned feature is to have a first cousin called Rafael Ramirez. Ramirez was President of PDVSA and Venezuela's Minister of Energy for over a decade, during which he ensured that his closest family and collaborators were given plenty of opportunities for corruption. As PDVSA CEO, he forced Diego Salazar as main intermediator between Chinese companies receiving billions worth of procurement contracts from Venezuela and PDVSA.

In Sinohydro - PDVSA $1.35 billion deal, Rafael Ramirez also got 10% Alek Boyd Sat, 09/12/2020 - 09:56
Carmelo Urdaneta Aqui, former PDVSA legal counsel and Rafael Ramirez confidant, hands himself over to the Feds Alek Boyd Mon, 08/31/2020 - 16:48

Carmelo Urdaneta Aqui, former PDVSA legal counsel and Rafael Ramirez confidant, handed himself over to the Feds.

Carmelo Urdaneta Aqui, former PDVSA legal counsel and Rafael Ramirez confidant, handed himself over to the Feds.

Carmelo Urdaneta Aqui, former PDVSA legal counsel and Rafael Ramirez confidant, handed himself over to the Feds.

Rafael Ramirez claims victory in Harvest case Alek Boyd Fri, 08/28/2020 - 09:33

AP reported the other day that Harvest Natural Resources had dropped its lawsuit against former PDVSA CEO and Minister of Energy Rafael Ramirez. No information about settlements was published. Then Harvest filed a form 8-K with the SEC, which reads:

Rafael Ramirez imposition of cousin in deals with China resulted in $154 million bribe payments Alek Boyd Wed, 08/19/2020 - 04:50

China's CMEC contracts Diego Salazar as Venezuela representative

UPDATED - Nervis Villlalobos & Rafael Ramirez' web of corruption exposed Alek Boyd Thu, 08/13/2020 - 16:58

UPDATED 13/11/2020 - In September 2013, this site wrote "...PDVSA assigned dollars to a foreign corporation and people wanting to offload Bolivares and get dollars were offered the scheme.