Message to INFODIO readers: investigative journalism, which is what this site does, takes lots of time. Visiting media looking for a quick run down on Venezuela's gargantuan corruption, have the decency to at least cite the source when plagiarising this site's content without attribution (exhibit Reuters here and here, exhibit Bloomberg here, exhibit OCCRP here). To all readers, do the right thing, the honest thing: support independent investigative journalism, help us expose rampant corruption. Note added 28/06/2021: impostors are using this site's former editor's full name, and a fake email address ( to send copyright infringement claims / take down requests to web hosting companies (exhibit Hostgator). The attempt is yet another effort paid by corrupt thugs to erase information about their criminal activities. has no issues with other websites / journalists using / posting information published here, so long as the source is properly cited.


Venezuela's Treasury sanctions avoidance schemes: exhibit Theon Ali / Ensa Energia / Emergio

Alex Saab is in jail and is not coming out any time soon. That presented Nicolas Maduro & co with a problem: who could take his place in schemes to avoid U.S. Treasury sanctions, now that American justice had caught up? Enter Theon Ali* and Ensa Energia: a Trinidadian proxy with a shell registered in Labuan.

Alejandro Betancourt paid (at least) €500,000 to Martin Rodil

Fresh reports from Spain indicate that Alejandro Betancourt, CEO of Derwick Associates, paid Martin Rodil €500,000 for protection through a shell called Erasmus Haven. The news come in the context of arrest, in Switzerland, of Luis Fernando Vuteff one of the "bankers" involved in Money Flight, the $1.2 billion money laundering scheme set up by Rafael Ramirez and his friends.

Jorge Rodriguez impossible odds against Juan Carlos Escotet

If we were in the business of betting, we wouldn’t give any odds to Jorge Rodriguez's threat against Juan Carlos Escotet. Rodriguez is meant to be upset for something Escotet did, and claimed recently that he was coming after him. He accused Escotet of belonging to a group of "banqueros ladrones" that have everyone on payroll, as if that is something that just hit him and not standard operating procedure in Venezuela. Rodriguez knows where Escotet's bodies are buried, of course, but he stands no chance of inflicting any damage whatsoever.

Spain's corrupt police protected Villalobos, Aguilera, Alvarado Ochoa, Reiter, Gorrin, Urdaneta and Beracha

New development in the extortion racket led by DEA-informant Martin Rodil: Nervis Villalobos, Carlos Aguilera, Javier Alvarado Ochoa, Rafael Reiter, Raul Gorrin, Carmelo Urdaneta Aqui and Moris Beracha bought Rodil's "protection" in Spain to stay out of trouble. Rodil's Spanish network included disgraced Police Chief José Manuel Villarejo and his partner José Aliste as per fresh reports.

Fight against global corruption: an asymmetric war

In the course of law enforcement work, U.S. Federal Agencies would seek information and meet with about anybody, if it potentially advances their agendas. Take Alex Saab, for many years Nicolas Maduro's favourite proxy and someone who went from bankruptcy to multi billionaire status much faster than Elon Musk. Saab was on the DEA's radar for a long time. Saab's partner in every last corrupt deal in Venezuela was a former head of Bogota's drug cartel.